Russia is a country rich in all senses. Developed spiritually and culturally, having survived many wars and catastrophes, the phoenix country, which always rose from the ashes, with the hands of the people living in it and living now.
The epoch replaced the era, the cities grew and expanded, but in each of them, the echo of the voices of the architects and builders who still left a piece of themselves as if made a cast, that same wide and mysterious Russian soul.
The National Tourist Union offers you a rating of the ten most beautiful, majestic and monumental cities in Russia, which are obligatory for visiting foreign guests and every Russian.
The gate of the Caucasus, the capital of the South, Rostov-Papa is all Rostov-on-Don. Rostov is the most densely populated (1.2 million people), among the cities of the Russian South and the tenth in the country in number. It is located in the southeast of the East European Plain, on the banks of the great Russian river Don, the administrative center of the Southern Federal District and the Rostov Region.
The intertwining of nationalities and religions represented in Rostov draws a unique picture of the diversity of architectural forms and variations reflected in the buildings belonging to one or another confession: about fifty Orthodox churches, the crown of magnificence which is the Cathedral of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary or a small one, - The Church of the Holy Cross, the Armenian Apostolic Church, as well as the Cathedral Mosque and the soldier's synagogue. And all this is only a small part of the places where a tourist should go to Rostov-on-Don.
Rostov-on-Don is a city of military glory, one of the ten cities that suffered the most damage during the Great Patriotic War. The memorial complex "City of Military Glory" was opened in May 2010 on the square in front of the airport building - everyone sees it who flies to Rostov-on-Don.
Rostov is a city of not only a glorious past, but also future victories, accepts the 2018 World Cup. In summer the teams of Brazil and Switzerland, Uruguay and Saudi Arabia, Korea and Mexico, as well as Iceland and Croatia will compete on the emerald lawn of Rostov-Arena, one of the matches of the 1/8 finals.
The city, stretched on the Black Sea coast, the Olympic capital of Russia. The places where a tourist descends in Sochi is a huge number and everyone will find here what to see. The mild climate and stunning views, coupled with the developed and ready to receive tourists from all over the world, infrastructure, create Sochi image of the city created for active and beach holidays.
The sea, mountains and a holiday of sports of a world scale - World Cup 2018, which will shine here matches of the group stage, within which will be played, the central match of "Portugal-Spain", and two games of the playoff stage. Also on the field of the supermodern "Fisht" there will be teams from Germany and Sweden, Belgium and Panama, the group stage will be completed by bands from Australia and Peru.
The city in the central part of Russia, the administrative center of the Volga Federal District and the Nizhny Novgorod region.
Founded in the early 13th century by Prince Vladimir Vsevolodovich, at the confluence of the Oka and the Volga, standing at the intersection of trade routes, Nizhny Novgorod was doomed to rapid development and constant population growth. Novgorod for Russian history is a pillar and stronghold of statehood. Here in the 16th century Minin and Pozharsky gathered militias to fight the Poles, and already during the Great Patriotic War, which was renamed Gorky at that time, the city became the birthplace for the automobile giant GAZ (Gorky Automobile Plant), which gave the front the necessary amount of equipment and even more , becoming the object of the most powerful bombardment of German aviation, the city that took upon itself all the fury and power of the impotence of the doomed enemy.
Oka divides the city into two parts-the upper part, especially rich in architectural monuments and whole compositions of houses and streets that make up the historic part of the city and the lower one, where the famous Nizhny Novgorod fair was located, the largest trading platform of the Russian Empire at that time. Monasteries, Temples and Churches, Mosques and Synagogues, a huge number of lucrative houses, University buildings, the Bank building-all this and much more will fascinate you and enthrall you in a dance of times and eras, styles and variety of forms and ways of expressing human love for your native city.
To be sure of this, it will be possible for tourists from Argentina and Croatia, England and Panama, guests from Sweden and South Korea, Switzerland and Costa Rica, and also several other countries that reached the stage of 1/8 and ¼ final World Cup.
Founded in the early 18th century, named after the Empress Catherine the Great, the City of Urals, the capital of miners and metallurgists, it was called upon to strengthen the military power of the growing Russian state, to forge and temper in its shops the power and the desire for greatness laid by Peter and continued by descendants. Ekaterinburg is located in the Middle Urals, on both banks of the Iset River. Geographically, it is the link between the European and Asian parts of Russia.
The fourth largest and most significant cultural and administrative center, the headquarters of the Central Military District, the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences are quartered here. Ekaterinburg is one of the most important transport and logistics centers, an extremely important industrial center, as well as a reminder of the architectural trends inherent in it. this or that era.
Since its inception, as extremely important from the point of view of industry, but located at a considerable distance, in its layout, Yekaterinburg was similar to the Italian Renaissance fortresses, as well as to the orthodox principles of the French town planning of the 17th century, which serve as an example of the stylistic affiliation of the Baroque style.
In the middle of the 19th century, when Yekaterinburg acquired the fame of industrial Venice, the estates and residences of high-ranking officials or army ranks who moved or were on permanent service, for example, the residence of General V.I. Glinka, as well as the estate of local wealthy merchants - Ryazanov and Kharitonov, in the buildings that were built and then preserved to this day, Russian classicism is guessed. Time passed and the city was overbuilt with new creations of architects and designers.
The beginning of the 20th century is the eclectic and its Opera House and Business Club, as well as the building of the new station. 20-30 years, a time when everything was changing in a young country, and Yekaterinburg became Sverdlovsk for the time, Constructivism came to replace the already familiar outlines, after it neoclassicism came, and after rationalism.
Now, at the beginning of the 21st century, architects are returning to the heritage of the Soviet Union and neo-constructivism is spreading. It can be said with certainty that Ekaterinburg rightfully ranks first among cities, usually lying outside the classical tourist routes.
A modern city, with deep traditions and centuries-old history reflected in architecture and industrial development, is another of the cities of the participants of the upcoming Mundial. Within the framework of the World Cup 2018, the Egyptians and Uruguayans, the Peruvians and the French, the Japanese and the Senegalese, the Mexicans and the Swedes will be able to understand the intricacies of architectural styles, the intertwining of eras and admire the production capacities of enterprises..
Administrative, commercial, business, financial, cultural, industrial, transport, scientific center of Siberia. Located in the southeastern part of the West Siberian Plain, on both banks of the Ob River, Novosibirsk, as one of the youngest cities, was founded in 1893, with over a million people, absorbed all the enthusiasm and passion, characteristic youths.
Known to the whole world Akademgorodok - branch of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, only one of 37, only local churches of science, not counting 14 branches of universities in other cities of Russia.
Nine theaters and the Opera Theater, which is the main cultural landmark of Novosibirsk, a monument of federal importance, the construction of which began in the 30s of the 20th century, and the first show on May 12, 1945, the Novosibirsk Zoo, located on the territory of the Zaeltsevsky forest park, has no analogues in the world. On the territory of the pine forest live about 10.000 animals, more than 300 species are listed in the Red Book, here is collected the richest collection of the cat family, some of which are nowhere else in the world.
Philharmonic and museums, planetariums and libraries, cinemas and stadiums-all requirements of the youth scientific capital of the Urals are observed.
It is compulsory to visit, as the incoming city combining the historical thoroughness of the center, with the buildings of the Alexander Nevsky Cathedral, the main railway station, the Circus and the driving force of change, which resonated with the Opera and Ballet Theater and the City Merchant Corps.
The administrative center of the Astrakhan region, the oldest economic and cultural center of the Caspian Sea region, known as far back as the 13th and 14th centuries during the Golden Horde, as one of the most important points of caravan trade on the East-West route, with markedly developed crafts distinguished by jewelry and pottery.
Later, already in the era of the Astrakhan Khanate, the Caspian capital is experiencing a new economic recovery, due to its favorable location - in the upper part of the Volga delta, on 11 islands of the Caspian lowland, it begins to attract the attention of Turkey, the Crimean Khanate and the Nogai Horde, during numerous clashes and conflicts , at the end-ends of swearing allegiance to the Moscow Tsar Ivan the Terrible. Astrakhan is recognized as one of 104 cities, especially important historically. The variety of churches, the majestic Astrakhan Kremlin, the Astrakhan State Opera and Ballet Theater are just a few places to go, after being in Astrakhan, first of all.
The most western point on the map of our homeland is Kaliningrad, until July 4, 1946, Koenigsberg. The administrative center of the Kaliningrad region. The city-fortress, until the end of the Second World War, Kaliningrad retained only a scanty (less than 10%) part of the German building, in view of the strongest bombings by allied aircraft, and then by the assault of Koenigsberg by Soviet troops.
Today it is a city of parks, forts and bridges, libraries and museums, cathedrals and churches, bright and hospitable for guests, among them lucky ones who received a ticket for the new stadium specially built for the World Cup 2018, Kaliningrad, among them tourists from Croatia and Nigeria, Serbia and Switzerland, Spain and Morocco, as well as England and Belgium, which teams will play there their matches.
Kaliningrad is an amazing example of the unification of cultures and religions, ways and habits, different peoples living in it, leaving their architectural footprints on the streets, with which we can admire to this day, preparing to visit the ten most architecturally important cities in Russia.
The capital of Tatarstan, the city spread out on the banks of the Volga, one of the most beautiful, officially named the capital of the Russian Federation of the third, as well as the historical capital of the Kazan Khanate of Kazan kingdom, Kazan province and Soviet Tatarii- in third place ranking National Tourist Union-architecturally significant cities Of Russia.
In 2005, having celebrated its millennium, Kazan began to actively develop in the direction of the sports center of Russia. The European Weightlifting Championships, the Fencing World Championships, the Summer Universiade, the World Championships in Water Sports, the Confederation Cup, and now the World Championships - this is an incomplete list of events that Kazan hosted and successfully hosted on its territory.
The capital of Tatarstan, passed through the centuries and reached us in its current incarnation, a city that meets the needs of the most experienced tourist, nevertheless bears the imprint of each of the epochs, each of the roles it inherent in. First, the Bulgarian fortress, and after the fall of Kazan Khanate, is the southernmost example of the Pskov architectural style, with its white-stone Kremlin, included in the UNESCO heritage list, the Spassky Tower and the Annunciation Cathedral.
The second half of the 20th century was marked by significant construction projects in the style of "Stalin's Empire". In Kazan, there were buildings: the Chemical Faculty of Kazan University, the Opera and Ballet Theater. Traditionally popular destination for short visits, such as the New Year holidays, Kazan is on the list of the fastest growing tourist destinations and is absolutely recommended for visiting any tourist.
Capital. Proudly and unconquered, the city of contrasts. The second rating number and the main place in the economic, political, cultural and sporting life of the country. Undoubtedly the center of attraction of investments, a place where innovation and white-haired old historically significant buildings protected by UNESCO live side by side.
Red Square, St. Basil's Cathedral, the Cathedral of Christ the Savior, Moscow City, the Vorobyovy Gory viewing platform and the Ostankino Tower, the narrow streets of the China city and the wide highways of government routes carrying endless streams of tourists from three airports to later take guests to all corners of the capital From nine metropolitan stations.
The central city of the World Cup 2018, a city on seven hills, always open to meet guests, respecting strangers and zealously storing their traditions. Orthodox churches and mosques, synagogues and catholic cathedrals, super-modern skyscrapers and carved palisades of windows of wooden houses-architectural monuments of the city all this adjoins and interacts in a huge cauldron, whose name is Moscow. It is difficult to determine the places to visit in Moscow, it is constantly opened in a new way, every time and every new day.
Rising among the swamps and marshes, among impenetrable dense forests, dressed in a granite suit, rigorous and drilled by Peter, subduing the element of human genius- St. Petersburg.
The most visited, the most beloved, intriguing and unique. The indisputable first number of our and not only the rating, objectively, the most tourist-oriented city of the Russian Federation.
Created to surprise, cause silent admiration, proudly spread his back, looking at the creations of Russian architects and architects, to feel belonging to the great people, to identify with people who turned the rivers, draining the marshes, every time walking along Nevsky, admiring the drawbridges and reverently tremble before the bulk of the Admiralty, marching along embankments along canals, Petersburg inspires and makes the heart tremble with delight.
Kazan and St. Isaac's Cathedrals, the Savior on Spilled Blood, Peterhof and the Hermitage, the Peter and Paul Fortress and Kronstadt are just a short list of places to visit on the first day of your stay in St. Petersburg. The first in the list of architecturally significant cities in Russia - magnificent, unique - St. Petersburg!