The population of Germany last year reached a record high of 83 million due to migration, which easily compensates for the chronic decline in the birth rate among the indigenous population. According to the data, in Germany, the most populous country of the European Union, in which economic growth has been going on for nine years in a row, migration in 2018 amounted to 380,000 people, while due to falling birth rates, the natural population decline was approximately 150,000 and 180,000 people. Germany also annually attracts thousands of young people from other European countries who come to study or work. Demography is a controversial issue in Germany, where many rural areas are struggling with population decline. Many large cities, on the contrary, are experiencing a boom, raising real estate prices and rents.